Foods and Nutritional Supplements

Nutritional food and science  and Genetically modified foods or GM foods are foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering. These techniques allow for the introduction of new traits as well as greater control over traits than previous methods such as selective breeding and mutation breeding.

Commercial sale of genetically modified foods began in 1994, when Cal gene first marketed its FlavrSavr delayed-ripening tomato. Most food modifications have primarily focused on cash crops in high demand by farmers such as soybean, corn, canola, and cotton seed oil. These have been engineered for resistance to pathogens and herbicides and for better nutrient profiles.

dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Supplements as generally understood include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, among other substances. U.S. authorities define dietary supplements as foods, while elsewhere they may be classified as drugs or other products. There are more than 50,000 dietary supplements available. More than half of the U.S. adult population (53% - 55%) consumes dietary supplements with most common ones being multivitamins.

These products are not intended to prevent or treat any disease and in some circumstances are dangerous, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. For those who fail to consume a balanced diet, the agency says that certain supplements "may have value." Most supplements should be avoided, and usually people should not eat micronutrients except people with clearly shown deficiency.

  • Nutritional supplements- An introduction
  • Food Safety for nutritional and health growth
  • Detection of GM food
  • Risk and safety issues with GM food
  • Government regulations for GM food
  • Genetically modified foods
  • Risk and adverse effects of nutritional supplements
  • Synthetic vitamins nutraceuticals and functional foods
  • Body-building supplements
  • Herbal nutritional supplements
  • Medical use of nutritional supplement
  • Cross contamination: Risk for illness

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